Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A542-W316

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号: A542-W316


Release Date: May 1, 2010



Topic: The Way Out for China (Part VIII) -- Wei Jingsheng

标题: 《中国的出路》之八 -- 魏京生


Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)



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The Way Out for China, Part VIII

-- Wei Jingsheng



In the previous a few sections, I was talking about several key points of a democratic revolution.  Using the American Revolution as an example, the popularization of the ideology of freedom, human rights and democracy, is the most essential condition.


Popularization does not necessarily mean that every average person is able to pontificate about democratic theory.  Democracy has been carried out in America for more than 200 years; it could be considered as a matured democratic system.  Yet, if you ask an average person, they could still say they do not know that very well and you should go ask the politicians and scholars.  Even many politicians and scholars themselves are muddled.  They even praise Adolf Hitler and Mao Zedong, flatter Deng XiaoPing, and admire the high efficiency of the Communist countries.


Popularization is to say that the majority of people think that democracy is better than various forms of autocracy; that freedom and human rights are better than various forms of enslavement; that the people think that they need democracy.  This is the popularization of the ideology.  All trades of people have their own professions or businesses, so they may not have that much time and energy to consider politics.  Often, they would be more likely to trust those people nearby who are better at pondering, or the so called the leaders of these masses.  The ideas of the leaders are the dominant ideology of the society.


For a long time now, there has been an issue bothering the leaders in China.  Ever since the nineteenth century, there were already the beginnings of the idea of freedom, human rights and democracy.  By the last century, it was already popularized.  Why on the surface, though the ideology obviously leaned to democracy, did the so-called democracy in China turn out to be untrue?  We have already seen the conclusion from our previous discussion that it was that the Communist Party chose the wrong road.  Yet, why did people choose the wrong road of the Communist Party?   We have to find the answer from the ideology.


What was the ideology at the beginning of the century in China?  It was for a complete Westernization.  The royal court was defeated by the Westerners, so the Westerners become the objects of both hate and worship.  With the preaching of some students who had studied overseas yet only gained half of understanding, the Westerners became godlike objects who are within sight yet beyond reach.  After deifying the West, everything from China became junk to throw away.  Since everything the West had was good, naturally we have to learn the best within it.  Most of the intellectuals who controlled the ideology those days were leaning to Communism.


In the American democracy example, the ideology was really based on the English style of self-government in the villages and towns.  Since ancient times in China, there also has been a long tradition of self-governing of the villages.  However, in the minds and hearts of the intellectual youths those days, that ancient tradition did not meet so and so conditions in the West and thus did not count as local self-governing.  They wanted the "most advanced" local self-governing: the people's commune.


From the nineteenth century to the first half of the twentieth century, after several decades, various efforts to build democracy on the basis of local self-governing have all failed.  The young intellectuals overthrew all the democratic efforts and called it "down with all the old influence".  What did they want?  They wanted the household registration style of Japan, and the People's Commune of the former Soviet Union.


That household registration system has made the freemen of the last two thousand years in China become half serf.  The People's Communes deprived the property of the farmers and made the free farmers to be true serfs.  The social status of the half serfs in the cities was higher than that of the real serfs in the countryside, with relatively better living conditions.  The history of the Chinese peasants striving for city registration is full of blood and tears.  It was not less than the serfs who fought for their own identity liberation.


The Chinese people who used to be freemen naturally resisted being serfs.  Places with the most suppression naturally gave the strongest resistance.  This is an important reason why the Chinese Communist Party was consistently resisted by the Chinese farmers since the Communists took over the government.  Finally, at the end of 1970's when the Communist Party was at its weakest, the farmers recaptured half of the land ownership.  This is also why, from the 1980's and 1990's until this century, regardless of how the Communist Party tried to reform, it would hold tight the ownership of the land.  To completely give up the land ownership was to give up the magic weapon for the grassroots of the Communist Party to control these farmers.


The Western academic circle considers China as a society of a commodity economy with the longest history.  While the West was building its own market economy, they have learned a lot from ancient China.  Yet, to expound the Communism, the intellectual youths forcefully framed China to be an old feudal state.  Since we did not have a market economy and everything must start new, why don't we choose the even more advanced planned economy?  During that period, even the Westerners themselves were not sure if the planned economy was less than the market economy.  From the theory, the planned economy seemed pretty good and fit the logic of Euclidean Geometry.


After the failed experiment, these already aged intellectuals pretended to want to learn from the so-called Western market economy without realizing the Chinese people with their historic tradition of the commodity economy could learn much faster than they could.  The Chinese businesspeople who resumed in their youth, definitely do not look like the third world which is just starting to learn.


From this simple analysis, we can see the major reason why China has failed in its striving for democracy in the past century.  The blunder of action is due to the blunder of guiding thought; the blunder in observation resulted in the blunder in conclusion.  The abnormal mentality of a defeated country is the main reason for the blunder in observation.  Eager for quick success and instant benefit, as well as the inferior social mentality, had resulted the blunder in conclusion.  According to these wrongful conclusions, the wrongful ideology was chosen.  The Communist tyranny in China is built on such a base.


In the past 30 years, the ideology and theory circle in China has been slowly walking out of this long-standing mistaken concept.  Yet, the average folks are walking away faster than these aged intellectuals.  That is because the benefits the old intellectuals received as the combined elites of "the three representatives" have blocked up their brains.



To hear Mr. Wei Jingsheng's commentary, please visit:



(Written and recorded on April 22, 2010.  Broadcasted by Radio Free Asia.)



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Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A542-W316

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号: A542-W316


Release Date: May 1, 2010



Topic: The Way Out for China (Part VIII) -- Wei Jingsheng

标题: 《中国的出路》之八 -- 魏京生


Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)









-- 魏京生








































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