Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A681-W420

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号: A681-W420


Release Date: Jan. 9, 2012



Topic: The Way Out for China (Part XLVII): Revolution or Reform? -- Wei Jingsheng

标题:《中国的出路》之四十七:革命还是改良? -- 魏京生


Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)



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The Way Out for China (Part XLVII): Revolution or Reform?

-- Wei Jingsheng



The way out for China is democracy.  This conclusion has gradually reached a consensus over the past more than a hundred years.  Nowadays, the main topic that the Chinese are discussing has already evolved into how to get democracy.  One of the outdated arguments is to reform the Communist system and then gradually move toward democracy.  The premise of this argument is to identify the Communist system as still belonging to some sort of low-level democracy, despite its faults.  Then, it could be improved with reform.  Thus the main means of improvement would be via "peaceful, rational and non-violent" ways.  Or using the terminology from Mao Zedong, it is just "the internal conflicts within the people".


Does this evolution really belong to "the internal conflicts within the people", and thus able to be accomplished by "peaceful, rational and non-violent" ways of reform, as it is in democratic societies such as the USA?  By the way, a democratic society is not entirely "peaceful, rational and non-violent" in solving their problems either.  It still needs police and military, and relies on force in dealing with  unreasonable thugs.  These thugs are no match to the tyrants, especially the Communist tyranny that takes unreasonable dictatorship as its belief.


Exactly forty years ago, on September 13, 1971, there was a world-shaking event in China.  This was when Marshal Lin Biao, as the successor named by Mao Zedong, attempted a coup to overthrow the tyrant Mao.  Lin did not succeed and then was killed in a crash during his escape flight, which left the world in mystery and a lot of related discussion. That coup made Mao suddenly age a lot.  After that, he did not deal with political affairs and become nonsensical.  It also made his countless fans who worshiped him becomes sober.  Many people recall that it was since then they suspected the myth of Mao Zedong, and began to have a truly independent thinking, and thus started getting out of the scam of communism.


I think we should ask those intellectual elites who follow the Westerners' tone, talking about "peaceful, rational and non-violent" ways:  Do you know more of the Communist Party than Lin Biao's generation of intellectual elites?  Even those intellectual elites concluded that the only way to deal with the Communist Party's tyranny that never compromises is to forcefully overthrow it.  Why nowadays do you confirm that the Communist Party would be responsive to your "peaceful, rational and non-violent" lie?  Has there been any tyranny in this world ever overthrown by lies?


The revolutionaries of Lin Biao's generation, whether they joined the Kuomintang or the Communist Party, had in their minds the strength of the country and prosperity of the people in order to allow the Chinese to live like humans.  However, as their revolution was getting more and more successful, they found the reality growing further and further apart from their original intentions.  The political power they had to safeguard became more and more like the tyranny they had overthrown, and even more tyrannical.  So some people drifted with the current; some people felt too weak to rebel but waited for their opportunity by keeping a low profile; while others finally could not tolerate anymore and rose for a stroke as the last straw.  Lin Biao was this latter kind.  Peng Dehuai, Hu Yaobang, and Zhao Ziyang were also this latter kind.


But the latter three did not understand the nature of the Communist Party as well as Lin Biao did.  They thought that through "peaceful, rational and non-violent" ways in dealing with Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping they could solve problems, so they had no hope of success.  Instead, Lin Biao's open rebellion was a failure with the potential of success, a glorious defeat.  If not because of his good for nothing son's coup plan which was like child's play, with Lin Biao's steady military-style he should not have fallen into the trap of Zhou Enlai's secret service.  Many friends often have sigh distraughtly that if Lin was successful, the Chinese people might have a few less year of suffering.  But I think that although Lin Biao failed and sank like a stone falling into the sand, he still woke people up and broke the myth of Mao Zedong.  He cracked open a slit for the revolutionary ideas in the future.  Thus he should not be considered a failure.  It is like in a duel, when one was killed but also crippled the other.  Although that duel resulted in a lose-lose situation, Lin Biao is still a hero, and not in the same rank as some other "elites" who knelt down on the ground and begged.


There was no one who knew more about the nature of the Communist Party than Peng Dehuai and Lin Biao.  Both are the main pillars and first-class heroes of the Communist Party and Mao Zedong, during the wars against the Japanese and Kuomintang, and the extreme brutal struggle within the Communist Party.  Peng exploited his seniority, and thought that he could reason with Mao Zedong and plea to Mao on people's behalf.  Yet, Peng did not realize he was against the nature of the Communist Party, the whole Communist Party.  Although the conscience of Lin Biao arrived a little later, he did understand the nature of the Communist tyranny.  He realized that there is no way to change through rational ways, but only to overthrow it forcefully.


Now, some historical researchers who attempt to redress Lin Biao have made two errors.  The first is their attempt to prove that Lin did not want to rebel, that Lin was not a counter-revolutionary against tyranny, but a loyal Communist Party member.  This attitude really writes off the historical merits of Lin Biao.  I think what the Gang of Four and Deng Xiaoping had defined of Lin Biao was very pertinent.  Lin Biao was indeed a "sinner" of the Communist Party, and thus he is the true hero for the Chinese people.  Most of Lin's life was spent in service to the Communists by conquer the country for the Communist Party, and thus creating a disaster for the people; however, just this one magnanimous act after his awakening, is enough to offset his sins and to become a hero of the people.


The people who want to vindicate and redress Lin always say some nonsense like there was no evidence, etc.  These scholars are just bookworms that can only be outsiders to a political conspiracy.  Since it was a conspiracy, how much evidence can be found by you afterwards?  If history is as simple as black ink writing on white paper, why is there a need to pay a bunch of people to study all their lives, especially in a China which blocked and destroyed information, forced witnesses to give faulty testimony, on a failed plot by a group of political veterans?  Any evidence remaining would be self-defeating, including harmful to children affected by implication.  So for the people who plotted, no evidence should be kept for a revolt like that.


The real evidence is that both Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping firmly identified Lin's coup attempt.  This identification is like wise chess players identifying the opponent's steps even though the steps may not be carried out.  Some of their personal judgments may be wrong, but their common judgment is rarely wrong.  Peng Dehuai and Liu Shaoqi did not rebel, so they could be rehabilitated.  The rebellious Lin Biao of course could not be rehabilitated.  This is not a decision by one man Deng Xiaoping, but is the common rule of the Communist Party and all tyrants.  Encouraging rebellion is the greatest threat to imperial power, so even if the rebels are the biological father and mother, they should not be tolerated.  This is always been the case since ancient times.  On this issue, Deng Xiaoping did have a quite clear mind.


The clear minds of Deng Xiaoping and alike helped Lin Biao to maintain a lofty position as a historic hero.  Are there any people still in the Chinese Communist Party who have conscience and the sense to wake up like Lin? 



To hear Mr. Wei Jingsheng's related commentary, please visit:



(Written on September 13, 2011 and recorded on September 14, 2011.  Broadcasted by Radio Free Asia.)



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Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A681-W420

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号: A681-W420


Release Date: Jan. 9, 2012



Topic: The Way Out for China (Part XLVII): Revolution or Reform? -- Wei Jingsheng

标题:《中国的出路》之四十七:革命还是改良? -- 魏京生


Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)









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