Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A766-W486

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号: A766-W486

 

Release Date: June 23, 2013

发布日:2013年6月23日

 

Topic: China Sees Threat in US Pivot to Asia (Voice of America)

标题:中国视美国到亚洲的枢纽为威胁 (魏京生:美国不应该期待与一党独裁的中国有真正的合作关系)-- 美国之音

 

Original Language Version: English (Chinese version at the end)

此号以英文为准(英文在前,中文在后)

 

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China Sees Threat in US Pivot to Asia

-- by Natalie Liu, Voice of America

June 07, 2013

 

 

WASHINGTON - At the informal summit meeting between President Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping in California, both sides are trying to avoid the conflicts that can afflict relations between rising and established powers. China's main concern is that the new focus of U.S. foreign policy toward the Asia-Pacific region - the so-called "pivot" - is aimed at containing China's rise.

 

Xi became president of China in March. This is his first visit to the United States as head of state.

 

Though Washington has its own list of issues to discuss with Xi, at the top of Beijing's agenda is the U.S. pivot to Asia, which it sees as an attempt to prevent China from becoming a superpower.

 

Senior U.S. officials have tried to reassure the Chinese that the pivot is not aimed at encircling China, as Beijing fears. The Hudson Institute's Michael Pillsbury also is a consultant to the Pentagon.

 

"In eight major speeches now, every one says this is not aimed at China, this is not about China. The only problem is, in ancient Chinese statecraft, they see this as the hegemon trying to reassure the rising power, but 'we Chinese are not so stupid as to believe this' - but I think they should believe it," said Pillsbury.

 

Other analysts disagree with that approach, saying constant denial may not be the best way to handle China. Kelley Currie is senior fellow at Project 2049, a Washington research institute that focuses on East Asian security.

 

"When we deny that it's all about China, it makes them even more suspicious. So I think we need to be honest... that yes, part of it is about hedging and about the uncertainty that our allies in the region and our friends in the region feel about the behavior coming out of the People's Republic of China," said Currie.

 

Wei Jingsheng is a leading Chinese dissident living in exile. He said that as long as China remains under one-party rule, the U.S. should not expect a genuinely cooperative relationship with China.

 

"America's social and political system is very attractive to ordinary people in China, and this, the communist government in China feels, is a fundamental threat to the government's survival," he said.

 

The U.S. has accused China of conducting cyber-espionage against it and says many such efforts are directly overseen from a complex in Shanghai run by a special unit of China's military. Such activity has caused China's image in the U.S. Congress to suffer.

 

"Well, I think it's more negative toward China, particularly because of cyber. China is stealing from us - intellectual property," said Republican Congressman Frank Wolf.

 

Washington also has asked China to use its influence to alter recent provocative behavior by North Korea. Just before the summit, the North said it was willing to engage in talks with South Korea. Analysts in Beijing are calling that a "gift" to Obama, and they say Washington's response may indicate how the United States views the new big-power relationship that Xi says he would like to see.

 

 

Original link of this report:

http://www.voanews.com/content/china-sees-threat-in-us-pivot-to-asia/1677768.html

 

Related video also available at:

http://www.weijingsheng.org/interviews/interviews2013/USpivotAsia130607VOAreport.mp4

 

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中文版

 

Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A766-W486

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号: A766-W486

 

Release Date: June 23, 2013

发布日:2013年6月23日

 

Topic: China Sees Threat in US Pivot to Asia (Voice of America)

标题:中国视美国到亚洲的枢纽为威胁 (魏京生:美国不应该期待与一党独裁的中国有真正的合作关系)-- 美国之音

 

Original Language Version: English (Chinese version at the end)

此号以英文为准(英文在前,中文在后)

 

如有中文乱码问题,请与我们联系或访问:

http://www.weijingsheng.org/report/report2013/report2013-06/USpivotAsia130623VOAreportA766-W486.htm

 

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中国视美国到亚洲的枢纽为威胁 (魏京生:美国不应该期待与一党独裁的中国有真正的合作关系)

-- 美国之音记者燕青

2013年6月7日

 

 

华盛顿 - 在奥巴马总统和他的中国同行习近平在加利福尼亚州举行的非正式首脑会议上,双方都试图避免可能会使上升中的强权与已建立的强权之间的关系受损的冲突。中国主要关注的是,美国针对亚太地区政策的新焦点 -- 所谓的"枢纽" -- 的目的是遏制中国的崛起。

 

习在3月就任中国总统。这是他第一次作为国家元首访问美国。

 

尽管华盛顿有自己与习讨论的清单,但北京方面的顶级议题是有关美国到亚洲的枢纽,在其看来是尝试防止中国成为超级大国。

美国高级官员曾试图安抚中国此枢纽的目的不是北京所担心的围堵中国。任职哈德逊研究所的迈克尔皮尔斯伯里也是五角大楼的顾问。

 

在至今的八大讲话里,每个人都说,这并非针对中国,这不是有关中国。唯一的问题的是,以中国古代的治国之道,他们视此为霸主试图安抚上升中的强权,但我们中国没有这么愚蠢到相信这个的地步-- 但我认为他们应该相信它。皮尔斯伯里说。

 

其他分析家不同意这种说法,说不断否认未必是对待中国的最好方式。凯利柯里是2049项目,一个专注于东亚安全的华盛顿研究所的高级研究员。

 

当我们否认这都是关于中国时,只使他们变得更加疑心。所以我认为我们需要诚实。是的,它的一部分是关于冲突及其有关我们在该地区的盟友及朋友对中华人民共和国的行为感觉到的不确定性,柯里说。

 

魏京生是一位流亡的中国持不同政见者领袖。他说,只要中国仍然是一党统治之下,美国不应该期待与其进行真正的合作关系。

 

美国这种自由民主的社会和政治制度对中国老百姓的吸引力非常强。这一点就使得中共政府认为已经是对中国共产党的制度造成根本的威胁,他说。

 

美国指责中国进行网络间谍活动,并说很多这样的努力是直接由中国军队的一个特别部门在上海的这个大院里进行的。这样的活动导致中国的形象在美国国会受损。

 

我觉得这对中国更负面,特别是网络问题。中国偷我们的东西,尤其是知识产权,共和党众议员弗兰克沃尔夫说。

 

华盛顿还请求中国利用其影响力来改变北朝鲜最近的挑衅行为。就在峰会前,北朝鲜说愿意与南韩谈判。在北京的分析家称这是给奥巴马的礼物。他们说,华盛顿的反应可能表明美国是如何看待习近平所说的他所希望看到的新的大国关系的。

 

 

报道的原始网址:

http://www.voanews.com/content/china-sees-threat-in-us-pivot-to-asia/1677768.html

 

相关录像还可在以下连接中看到:

http://www.weijingsheng.org/interviews/interviews2013/USpivotAsia130607VOAreport.mp4

 

(魏京生基金会中文译文。)

 

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