Overseas Chinese Democracy Coalition News and Article Release Issue Number: A934-O263



Release Date: May 15, 2016



Topic: 50 years After the Cultural Revolution, the Specter Is Still In China (Voice of America)



Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)



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50 years After the Cultural Revolution, the Specter Is Still In China

-- by Xiao Xun, Ren YuYang, Yu An of Voice of America



Washington -

Almost half a century ago, the "Cultural Revolution" started in China.  While the Communist regime recognizes it as a catastrophe, so far it does not want to completely deny that disastrous political movement.  Recently some practices of the Communist leaders brought back painful memories of the experiences of the Chinese people during the Cultural Revolution; but, they also made some people feel excited.  This year marks the 50th anniversary of the outbreak of the Cultural Revolution.  Some of the exiled Chinese democracy activists and intellectuals remind people that even though the same political movement may not happen again, the root cause of the disaster is still there.


After the Cultural Revolution, Wei Jingsheng was imprisoned in China because of his call for democracy.  After his release, he was forced into exile in the United States.  However, he never gave up pushing China toward democracy.  On the eve of this 50th anniversary of the Cultural Revolution, the Wei Jingsheng Foundation held a roundtable with exiled Chinese scholars and Chinese democracy advocates to explore how people may learn from that political disaster.


Over many years, the Chinese people have been reflecting on the Cultural Revolution,  The Communist regime also acknowledged after the Cultural Revolution that it was wrong due to the political movement leaders of that time.  Wei Jingsheng thinks that we need to seek and understand the causes of the disaster, so we can alert future generations.  First he denied the Communist's resolution about the Cultural Revolution in the 1980s.


He said: "That resolution on one hand put the blame on Mao Zedong and the Gang of Four, on the other hand put the blame to the people of China.  The biggest failure of that resolution was their saying that the old Communist officials were persecuted during the Cultural Revolution, and now that the old officials are back we should not persecute these official again, and discontinue the Cultural Revolution.  This fallacy is widespread, and many people believe this statement."


Wei Jingsheng thinks that actually the Cultural Revolution was the inevitable result of the one-party dictatorship of the Communist Party; a one-party dictatorship of the minority, as the personal dictatorship of Mao Zedong at that time.


He said: "So the Communist regime never talks about this aspect of Mao Zedong.  A lot of people did not notice that either.  Without paying attention to this, one would be still set within the Communist discourse system and eventually still follow the guidance of the Communist Party."


Wei Jingsheng said that we must learn lessons and not continue to follow the media of the Communist Party.


He said: "So we think we should jump out of this circle, end the one party dictatorial politics of the Communist Party, so the Chinese people could walk out of the rule of the Communist Party and come into a normal society like the other countries."


The Communist Party has not been fully negative about the Cultural Revolution.  It is even not allowed to mention the Cultural Revolution.  Writer Zheng Yi believes that the Communist regime would not mention the Cultural Revolution, because it was frightened by it.


He said: "If you allow the people to speak, and allow them at least a little bit of human rights for example, they can speak to the public about the Cultural Revolution; they can write their own opinions on the big poster and post it; and they can set up organizations composed of a few people, dozens of people, hundreds of people, thousands of people, that the Communist Party has no control of; then these groups even could express their own views about the political issues of the country.  This is what the Communist Party fear most.  To what extent does it fear now?  No, it is not an issue of allowing one to set up civil society organizations or not, which is out of the question.  To what alert level is it now?  We are not allowed to simply gather together."


Zheng has different views of the Cultural Revolution which is referred as one decade long as the others usually talk about.  In his view, the real Cultural Revolution was only 3 years from the end of 1966 to 1968.  Later on, it was only related to the Communist regime, yet unrelated to the people.  He thinks that during those three years, people had an opportunity to have some space, thus also the possibility to speak.


He said: "During the Cultural Revolution, people took up the opportunity given by Mao Zedong, and put down with almost all the Communist officials.  This so-called "down with" was to not recognize these officials' authority or to say to resist the power in their hands.  That gave the current officials a very deep impression, so they absolutely would not be allowed to discuss of the Cultural Revolution."


The current Chinese leader Xi Jinping appeared very strong of his political performance.  Many people also noticed some signs appearing in China now that lead to their concern of a repeat of the Cultural Revolution.


Questioning the "Family Origin Theory" of the Communist regime, Yu Luoke was regarded as a brave victim by the people after he was executed by the Communist regime.  His brother Yu Luowen told VOA that we cannot completely exclude the possibility of a repeat of the Cultural Revolution.  He thinks that Xi Jinping is likely to engage in a similar movement, because his judgment of a lot of things is very wrong.


He said: "When Bo Xilai was 'hitting blacks and singing the red (revolution songs)' in Chongqing, Xi Jinping was also supportive and went to Chongqing.  So I think that we cannot rule out him not starting another Cultural Revolution.  The result is that he may step down sooner."


Yu Luowen thinks that the most important thing is to let people know the facts of that time.  If people see some ultra-left practices now were actually practiced and evolved into a very ridiculous extent during the Cultural Revolution, then people naturally know that these kinds of things should no be engaged in anymore.



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Overseas Chinese Democracy Coalition News and Article Release Issue Number: A934-O263



Release Date: May 15, 2016



Topic: 50 years After the Cultural Revolution, the Specter Is Still In China (Voice of America)



Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)








文革50年 幽灵依旧在

-- 美国之音萧洵, 任禺阳, 郁安

2016.05.14 07:14



中国 "文化大革命"距今已近半个世纪,中共虽然承认那是一段浩劫,但是至今却不愿彻底地否定那场灾难性的政治运动。近期中共领导人的一些做法,勾起许多经历过文革的中国人的痛苦记忆,同时也令一些人感到兴奋。今年恰逢文革爆发50周年,一些流亡海外的中国民主人士和知识分子提醒人们,相同的政治运动或许不会发生,但是导致那场灾难的根源仍未清除。

















































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