Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A966-W619



Release Date: October 15, 2016



Topic: From Lin Biao's Coup to the Current Dire Political and Economic Situation in China -- by Huang Ciping (Presentation at the Symposium on the Prospect of Democracy in China in New York)



Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)



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From Lin Biao's Coup to the Current Dire Political and Economic Situation in China

(Presentation at the Symposium on the Prospect of Democracy in China in New York)

-- By Huang Ciping, Executive Director of the Wei Jingsheng Foundation


Monday, October 3, 2016


In 1971, China was confronted with a dire political and economic situation.  22 years after its violent seizure of power in China, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that worshiped blindly Marxism-Leninism put the country and its people in a crisis and chaos.


After the CCP seized power in 1949, it initiated one political movement after another, like a meat grinder.  These initiations not only made the people panic, but also made the officials within the ruling Communist Party enter into intrigue and watchfulness of each other.  They were angry with Mao Zedong, the top leader, yet did not dare to say it in words.  This guidance of erroneous politics was accompanied by a complete failure of the CCP's economic policy.  Ten years later, the so-called "three years of natural disasters" (i.e. the famines of the Great Leap Forward), starved tens of millions of Chinese.  In fact, those disasters were entirely manmade.  They were due to the policies of the CCP that lacked common sense, as well as being caused by the Communist officials who disregarded people's lives while engaging in their infighting.  In 1966, in order to regain his real leadership, Mao Zedong launched the "unprecedented" Cultural Revolution.  The Cultural Revolution not only dragged the Chinese people into the abyss further, but also caused an unprecedented destruction of Chinese culture and traditions as well.  It made the Chinese people yearns even more for a just and democratic society.


Under these circumstances, the failed coup of Lin Biao that ended in his death while fleeing on September 13, 1971 has shocked the world.  The exposure of the 571 project ("571" for the similar sound in Chinese to Wu Qi Yi for "armed uprising"), not only played a role of enlightenment for the Chinese to recognize Mao Zedong as a fascist feudal tyrant, but also laid the ideological foundation for reform and opening up China in the future.  Although it failed, Lin Biao's coup did give a fatal blow to tyrant Mao Zedong who had always had his ways.


After Mao Zedong's death, Deng Xiaoping, the paramount leader of the Chinese Communist Party, appeared to embark on economic reforms that were responsive to the people's heart.  Unfortunately, in fact, Deng continued the communist dictatorship and refused political reform.  This continuation was displayed well in 1979 when Deng Xiaoping imprisoned Wei Jingsheng, who had called for democracy and expressed dissidence to Deng, and closed the Xidan Democracy Wall in Beijing, etc.  Deng's "cross the river by feeling the stones" and "let some people get rich first" policy reflected the mentality of the Communist regime well -- they could do anything they liked to the nation and its people.  30 years after Deng's "reform and opening up" policy, China 's economic reform has come to an end: the disparity gap between rich and poor is growing, the majority of the people are still poor and destitute, and now even the middle class is facing more crises.  Over the past few years, Xi Jinping's clique tried to eliminate their political opponents in the name of anti-corruption, which has led to the fall of a large number of government officials and military generals.  Since he took power, Xi Jinping has not lifted the ban on a the free press and free association as Chiang Ching-kuo did (in Taiwan), but has carried out even more suppression of dissidents, detention of human rights lawyers and religious people, and so on.


China has once again reached a chaotic and crisis-ridden historical turning point.  Its future direction will not only directly affect the well-being of the Chinese people, but also could jeopardize world peace.


More than one decade ago, I had a long article published by Handelsblatt, the largest business newspaper in Germany: " The Dark Side of China's Economic Development to the World - Economically, Security and Ecology" (http://www.weijingsheng.org/report/report2006/report2006-05/HuangCP060521HandelsblattOpEdA207-W102.htm).  Although this article was focused more on the economic dimension, it expressed my then concern about the direction of China and its negative impact on the world, as well as the fears of the international community that was unaware of this knowledge.  Now at ten years later, a series of issues I wrote about in that article have unfortunately become realities.  We can prove them in the following.


In the beginning of the article, I pointed out that: "The economic reforms in China over the last two decades have heralded a new era of changes and development, stemming in no small part from the input of capital from the West.  Low labor costs, few regulations and inexpensive natural resources were stimuli for the rapid growth, and increasing imbalance (belied by the persistently rosy macroeconomic data), of its manufacturing sector.  Chinese-made products have flooded the international market, with severe consequences, both to China's economy and society, as well as to stable international development and diplomacy.  Now is the time for economic and business circles of the West to recognize the dark side of China's economic development: that, continuing along its present course, there are profound risks and ramifications, not just for Chinese, but also for the planet."


I also pointed out: "What causes this sobering reality is that the rule of law has proven severely lacking in Chinese politics.  In its place is a system in which corruption and bribes are ubiquitous, and the judiciary, in so far as it exists, is too heavily controlled by the Communist Party regime to be an object of recourse.  The absence of rule of law has several negative consequences to investment in the Chinese economy.  First is lowered efficiency.  The corruption and bribes that plague the system mean that more foreign money lines the pockets of officials than is directed toward production."


I warned: "Trade disputes (over issues such as shipping lanes in the South China Sea and Middle Eastern oil) will likely grow as China's wealth and influence provide greater opportunity for audacity.  Between democratic countries, these disputes would most likely be resolved in negotiation, but China's political system is based on the teachings of Mao Zedong: 'political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.'  The Communist government established itself as the ruler in China by following these doctrines. "


I expressed my concern: "The CCP's need for external conflict can equally be stimulated by forces within the country.  The ruling party is facing ever-increasing dissent from inside its borders, and confronts the growing need to reassert its legitimacy.  Governments in this position have often resorted to military might to build nationalism and to redirect attention from flaws in their own economic and political systems.  China's record on this policy question is not promising. It has started wars in Korea (to legitimize the Party shortly after it came to power), India (during the famines of the Great Leap Forward), Russia (during the unrest of the Cultural Revolution) and Vietnam (as Deng Xiaoping filled the power vacuum left by the deceased Chairman Mao).  The lesson is clear: it does not take an outside threat to rouse China to war."


Finally, I reiterate: "It is important for all of us to realize and to remember that the current Chinese economy is irregular, anti-free-market, manipulated by authoritarian policies and presents an extremely high risk.  Should major political, social or economic problems arise within China, it could completely collapse, ushering in a world economic crisis.  The heavy investment in China by the Western world has resulted in heavy reliance on China.  The rapid growth of China's economy and trade, as structured by the Communist Party, presents major concern for the fate of the world economy, and the specter of war imperils the security of humanity."


Unfortunately, what I described more than a decade ago is the current situation and crisis in China today.  In the near term, it is particularly worrying that the collapse of China's economy will bring the full collapse of China, politically and socially.


Exactly under this circumstance, it is more needed for us, the Chinese democracy advocates, to be the mainstay for China, to adhere to the principle, to call for and promote the democracy and freedom in China, and to protect the peace and prosperity of the world.  We need to pay with a minimum price to most effectively fight for democracy and freedom in China, and for world peace.


Not long ago, the Wei Jingsheng Foundation sponsored its first "The Way Out for China" seminar in the US capital city of Washington, DC.  The main purpose of the seminar series is to analyze and judge the current situation in China, and to develop correct responses to promote the democratic revolution in China.  The topic of our first "China's Way Out" seminar was "Lin Biao's Coup and Beyond."  During the seminar, one speaker of the conference pointed out: The spirit of the complete rebellion with a military coup of Lin Biao and Lin Liguo will not die, and will be an unavoidable and essential subject for people to study; especially those rebels within the Communist system who want to overthrow the current Communist dictatorial regime.


Today, China's politics and economy has entered a dead end.  Anger and grudges of the Chinese have caused an impending fire that will spread out as a prairie fire.  Here, I would like to share some of our common views and my personal views on the current situation in China.


Generally speaking, kind-hearted people hope that China can take the peaceful evolution road of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.  Peace, rationality, and non-violence are the common aspirations and norms of people in a fair and peaceful society.  However, for more than six decades of the Communist rule in China, when did the Communist regime ever adopt this peace, rationality and non-violence?  Crying to the CCP dictatorship for peace, rationality and non-violence is undoubtedly seeking a fur from a tiger and going to hunt for tigers after getting killed by the tigers.  Liu Xiaobo who claimed that he has "no enemies", is still in jail, and has had to accept what he described as "warm management."  This is the result when you talk to and negotiate with the enemy about peace, rationality, and non-violence.


The opening page of the Three Kingdoms (in Chinese classical literature) talked about the 3 essential elements of "the right time, the right place and the right people."  China has basically reached such a stage of "the right time, the right place and the right people."  But the relative indifference and inability of the international community results that China's transition will mainly decided by its changes within.  The path of a peaceful evolution in China has been completely blocked by Xi Jinping's Group.  A revolution and even uprising has become the inevitable start of a political transition in China.  In this case, I agree with Mr. Wei Jingsheng that a coup by those who have lofty ideals, and even a military coup is the least costly political transformation possible, like what had happened during the Xinhai Revolution 105 years ago.


As Mr. Wei Jingsheng mentioned: Now as the Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CCP is investigating several hundreds of officials and generals in the military who rose up through the ranks due to Xu Caihou and Guo Boxiong (both were arrested and Xu already dead), why do they want to wait for arrest instead of taking up a coup of revolt?  In particular, for an important general like Fan Changlong who holds real power yet is standing right at the edge of the cliff, what is their purpose of waiting?  Are they waiting for the release of Guo Boxiong and Ling Jihua?  Or waiting until the CCP becomes democratic at its 19th Congress, to elect that ruler out of his post?


When this situation arises, we the Chinese democrats need to follow up in a timely manner.  We need to guide the people in a rational, favorable and strategically sound manner.  Together with all the Chinese people, we will create a new political system of democracy, freedom, human rights, the rule of law and justice, as well as a truly free market economy in China.  Thus we will see China contribute to world peace and prosperity rather brings a disaster.


I would like to discuss with all of you and act together to achieve our goals together.  Thank you!



Original video from the Boxun News:



Huang Ciping's photo:



Related Photo of the conference:





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Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A966-W619



Release Date: October 15, 2016



Topic: From Lin Biao's Coup to the Current Dire Political and Economic Situation in China -- by Huang Ciping (Presentation at the Symposium on the Prospect of Democracy in China in New York)



Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)










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