Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A1072-W709



Release Date: December 23, 2017



Topic: October Revolution in China -- Wei Jingsheng

标题:十月革命在中国 -- 魏京生


Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)



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October Revolution in China

-- Wei Jingsheng



As Mao Zedong put it: the sound of the cannons of the October Revolution brought Marxism-Leninism to China.  This statement is easy to understand, as well as a historical fact.  Although at that time China had overthrown the autocratic rule of imperial power, it did not establish a decent democratic government.


As in many backward countries, the elites of China were at a stage of learning from the Western powers at that time.  Varies trendy currents of thought in the West were all within the reach of exploration and experimentation by these elites.  The newly established Soviet Union had also entered into the exploration of the Chinese at that time.  Under the successful influence of the Soviet Union, Marxism-Leninism was recommended by some young social elites to be brought into the field of view of the Chinese.  The most famous publications at that time were called "New Youth" and "Guiders."


Marxism-Leninism emerged from the foundation of European communism.  The ideals of the European Communist of not competing with each other in a worldly way and mankind living together in harmony was especially in line with the illusions of a kindhearted people.  The ideals were also similar to the traditional Chinese concepts of world peace and harmony, and thus were universally accepted by the elite in China.  However, the Communist concept of public ownership of property obviously did not fit the perception of the Chinese public.


The Chinese society, which had a tradition of having a market economy for more than 2,000 years, considered private property as a matter of principle.  That was a fundamental difference between the Chinese social culture and Russia, which had just thrown off its serfdom social system.  Therefore, the institutes of Lenin and Stalin that carried out the world revolution considered it was unlikely to establish a Soviet power in China due to this social and cultural environment.


Instead, as the democratic revolution in China was struggling, these institutes thought they could take diplomatic advantages.  Thus, they focused on supporting the so-called bourgeois regime established by the Kuomintang (KMT) in China.  In the meantime, as they supported the Kuomintang with money, guns and counselors, they incorporated the newly founded weak Communist Party that was mainly made up of intellectuals into the Kuomintang ranks of Dr. Sun Yat-sen to help achieve the diplomatic goals of the Soviet Union.


However, the political goals of these two political parties were fundamentally different.  The Kuomintang took the market economy as its basic economic system, in a fundamental conflict with the public ownership of property in the Communist system.  Before they seized power, the two political parties in China could barely cooperate with each other.  However, after they achieved some power, the contradictions became increasingly acute.  Soon they turned against each other and the Communists were brutally repressed and were not effectively protected by the Soviet Union.


At that time, some alternative theorists emerged within the Communist Party, with Mao Zedong as their representative.  They thought that the urban working class was too weak to launch a Russian-style city revolution; rather, it would be feasible to take a traditional countryside peasant revolution in China.  This plan would ensure the survival of the revolutionaries while they waited for better opportunities.  This is the strategy of Mao Zedong of "using rural areas to encircle the cities".


Even at this stage, the Chinese Communist Party did not get the help of their big brother the Soviet Union.  However, the fights between warlords and people who could not make a living indeed provided a huge amount of manpower to the rebel forces of peasants.  Thus it enabled the Communist separatists to replace the warlords that were exterminated and establish a powerful separatist regime which became the mainstream of the Communist Party.


After basically wiping out the warlords, Chiang Kai-shek turned his attention to the separatist regime of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).  The military strategy adopted by the Red Army, which was backed by those people in power who studied in the Soviet Union, broke away from the millennium's experiences and lessons of the peasant uprisings in China.  The result was a total failure.  The communists were expelled from their base areas and fled to the desolate western and northern regions.  However, they also returned to peasant uprising strategy and to linger in the poorest areas in the northwest of China.  At this time, their Soviet big brother still maintained friendly relations with the Kuomintang in power and did not substantially help their little Communist brothers in China.


It was the Japanese invasion of China that provided a great opportunity for the Communist Party.  The CCP wisely seized a series of historic opportunities to grant itself the legal status to grow and to expand the separatist regime along with its armed forces.  Only after the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, did it win its qualification of battling with the KMT for China.  Only after this battle started, did the Soviet Union correct their previous theories and vigorously help the CCP to establish a Communist regime that would have no social basis in China.


It is a historical mistake or opportunity that extended the tyranny of the October Revolution into China and also took the Chinese society into unacceptable serfdom.  This reversal of history is continuing.  The Chinese are waiting for new historical opportunities to return to a normal social state.



Original link of the RFA commentary:



To hear Mr. Wei Jingsheng's related commentary, please visit:



(Written on and recorded on November 15, 2017.  Broadcasted by Radio Free Asia.)



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Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article Release Issue: A1072-W709



Release Date: December 23, 2017



Topic: October Revolution in China -- Wei Jingsheng

标题:十月革命在中国 -- 魏京生


Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)









-- 魏京生







































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