Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article: A1396-W999

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号:A1396-W999

Release Date: June 13, 2021

发布日:2021613

Topic: Voice of America Profiles Wei JingshengDemocracy Activist

标题:美国之音就中共成立100周年特访魏京生|民主活动家

Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)

此号以中文为准(英文在前,中文在后)

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Narrator: Wei JingshengDemocracy Activist

-- Voice of America

 

 

Wei Jingsheng was born in 1950. His parents were both senior cadres of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). From an early age, he received the red education of loving the Chinese Communist Party in the best school in Beijing, and at the same time he heard and witnessed the power struggles within the high-level CCP.

When the Cultural Revolution broke out in 1966, 16-year-old Wei Jingsheng joined the Red Guards. He said that the enthusiasm was very high at that time -- for the purpose of defending the Communist Party and Chairman Mao, these youths were really not afraid of death. In the "big tandem" of traveling all over China, this senior cadres child saw for the first time the suffering of the Chinese people at the bottom, and was shocked by the poverty in remote areas.

In order to avoid persecution by the authorities, his parents sent him to his ancestral hometown in Anhui to work as a farmer. The previously prosperous land of fish and rice was devastated. The devastation was the result of a famine in which tens of millions of Chinese starved to death in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Wei Jingsheng said that this experience in the countryside made him become very suspicious of the Communist regime.

In 1970, like many children of cadres, Wei Jingsheng was able to join the army as a result of his parents' status and relationships. After he retired from the army in 1973, Wei returned to Beijing and became an electrician at the Beijing Zoo. He said that the period during hin being a soldier and a worker was the most precious period in his life. He had contacted people from all walks of life, read a lot of books, and had a deep understanding of China, as well as its history and social reality, along with the major change in his understanding of the Chinese Communist Party.

In 1978, the Xidan Democracy Wall movement broke out. Some workers and intellectuals spontaneously promoted democracy and freedom in the form of big-character posters in Xidan, Beijing. Wei Jingsheng was one of the leaders. He successively published a series of articles such as "The Fifth Modernization: Democracy and Others", and participated in the creation of the underground publication "Exploration".

In March of the following year, he posted a big-character poster "Do we want democracy or a new dictatorship", naming and criticizing the paramount leader Deng Xiaoping for taking a path of dictatorship. A few days later, he was arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison for "counter-revolution". The Xidan Democracy Wall was also banned.

In 1993, Wei Jingsheng was arrested for the second time and sentenced to 14 years. Under strong pressure from the international community, He was allowed to go to the United States for medical treatment in 1997 and was sent directly from his jail cell to a flight to the United States.

The Democracy Wall was the first public dissident movement to be suppressed in the history of Red China. Wei Jingsheng told VOA that even though he knew it could have resulted in execution, he never regretted participating in that movement. After the Democracy Wall, there have been waves of movement for democracy and freedom in China. Even if he didn't jump out back then, he probably wouldn't have been able to escape in the future.

After Wei was exiled overseas, one day, he received a call from his father. The veteran Communist member who had urged him to stop told him that many "elder sisters" in Beijing (the term for senior female cadres in the Chinese Communist Party) wanted to visit him in the United States. They said: "Jingsheng is a good boy. He did what we wanted to do but didn't accomplish."

 

Link to the Original report:

https://www.voachinese.com/a/CCP100-WeiJingsheng-Backgrounder-20110613/5926584.html

 

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中文版

Wei Jingsheng Foundation News and Article: A1396-W999

魏京生基金会新闻与文章发布号:A1396-W999

Release Date: June 13, 2021

发布日:2021613

Topic: Voice of America Profiles Wei JingshengDemocracy Activist

标题:美国之音就中共成立100周年特访魏京生|民主活动家

Original Language Version: Chinese (Chinese version at the end)

此号以中文为准(英文在前,中文在后)

如有中文乱码问题,请与我们联系或访问:

http://www.weijingsheng.org/report/report2021/report2021-6/WeiJSbackgrounder210613VOAreportCCP100A1396-W999.htm

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讲述人:魏京生|民主活动家

2021613 04:39

-- 美国之音就中共成立100周年特访

 

 

魏京生,1950年生,父母均为中共高级干部。从小一边在北京最好的学校接受热爱中国共产党的红色教育,一边耳闻目睹着中共高层的权力斗争。

 

1966年文化大革命爆发,16岁的魏京生参加了红卫兵。他说,那时候热情很高,保卫共产党、保卫毛主席,真是死了都不怕。在走南闯北的"大串联"中,这个高干子弟头一次见识了底层民众疾苦,偏远地区的贫困令他震惊。

 

为了躲避当局迫害,父母将他送到安徽老家务农。曾经的鱼米之乡如今满目疮痍,这是上世纪50年末60年代初,中共独裁者毛泽东在经济上瞎指挥一意孤行,导致数千万人饿死的大饥荒恶果。魏京生说,在农村的这段经历让他对共产党产生了极大怀疑。

 

1970年,和很多干部子女一样,魏京生凭借父母的关系得以参军,1973年复员后回到北京,成为北京动物园的一名电工。他说,当兵和当工人这段时间是他人生中最珍贵的阶段。他接触了社会各阶层的人,读了很多书,对中国和历史和社会现状有了很深刻的了解,对共产党的认识也发生了重大转变。

 

1978年,西单民主墙运动爆发。一些工人和知识分子自发在北京西单以大字报的形式宣扬民主、自由,魏京生是其中的领军人物。他先后发表《第五个现代化:民主与其它》等一系列文章,参与创办地下刊物《探索》。

 

隔年3月,他又贴出大字报《要民主还是要新的独裁》,指名道姓地批评最高领导人邓小平正在走一条独裁道路。几天后,他被逮捕,以"反革命"罪判刑15年。西单民主墙也被取缔。

 

1993年,魏京生第二次被逮捕,重判14年。在国际社会的强大压力下,1997年魏京生获准赴美就医,从牢房直接被送上一架飞往美国的班机。

 

民主墙是红色中国历史上第一波被镇压的公开的异见运动。魏京生对美国之音说,尽管他知道这是个"会掉脑袋的事",但他从不后悔投入那场运动。民主墙之后,中国出现了一波又一波争取民主自由运动。即使当年他没有跳出来,以后恐怕也逃不过去。

 

流亡海外后,有一天,他接到父亲的电话。这位当年曾喝令他收手的老共产党员告诉他,北京的好多"老大姐"(共产党内部对高级女干部的称呼)想要去美国看他。她们说:"京生是个好孩子。他做了我们当年想做却没做成的事。"

 

 

报道的原始链接:

https://www.voachinese.com/a/CCP100-WeiJingsheng-Backgrounder-20110613/5926584.html

 

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